Orphanages > China's City, County and District Structure

China's jurisdictions: Not structured like in the West

China's orphanages are located in various cities, counties and districts, but these administrative jurisdictions are different than in the West. For the purpose of our listing, prefecture-level cities are the bolded names under which all other orphanage names are placed. The following terms are used to describe China’s municipal structure:

Prefecture-level City – Prefecture-level cities would more appropriately be classed as "counties" in the West. They are generally composed of an urban center and surrounding rural area much larger than the urban core, and thus are not "cities" in the strict sense of the term. Guangzhou City and Zhanjiang City in Guangdong Province are examples of this type of designation.

Sub-Provincial City – Beneath the prefecture-level cities are smaller administrative districts, also called “cities.” These are cities in a traditional western sense, as opposed to prefecture-level cities. As an example, the sub-provincial cities of Gaozhou and Huazhou in Guangdong Province are under the jurisdiction of the prefecture-level city of Maoming.

County – The third level of administrative hierarchy in China, counties are generally smaller, less densely populated areas (rural). For example, Dianbai County, a large town by western standards in Guangdong Province, falls under the jurisdiction of Maoming City, and although it has a small urban center, it is largely rural farming.

District – The smallest orphanage administrative unit, districts are densely populated areas found within prefecture-level cities.

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